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ADHD is All About Seeing Time & Feeling the Future

Wednesday, October 14th 2020
12:00 PM EDT

Presenter: Ari Tuckman, PsyD, CST

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60 minutes

Learning Objectives:
  1. Attendees will be able to explain why time is so central to understanding the struggles of ADHD.
  2. Attendees will be able to describe how time horizon and temporal discounting explain many of the time management problems associated with ADHD.
  3. Attendees will be able to help clients be more effective and consistent.
Agenda:
  1. Big concept #1: Time horizon
    1. Definition: the further out in time an event is, the less likely we are to attend to it now
    2. Some people are more influenced by time horizon—e.g., those with ADHD
    3. Different goals with different time lines compete for our attention and action in each moment
  2. The basics of time management
    1. Time management sub-abilities
    2. Time management serves the future, not the present
    3. Time management requires attention management
  3. Big concept #2: Temporal discounting
    1. Definition: the further out in time a deadline is, the less we feel the potential consequences now
    2. Those with ADHD are especially influenced by time horizon and temporal discounting and therefore tend to be overly influenced by the present, at the cost of creating a better future
    3. This tendency to favor the present over the future explains why those with ADHD struggle to perform consistently as expected
  4. See time by externalizing it
    1. Manage time better by first managing attention better
    2. Time management key concepts—the fundamentals of good strategies
    3. Help clients to use a schedule and to do list more effectively
  5. Feel the future by maximizing motivation
    1. The unofficial slogan of ADHD time management: By the time you feel it, it’s too late
    2. Five types of strategies to counterbalance the temptations of the present and thereby work towards a better future
    3. Help clients pause and picture to compensate for temporal discounting
Barkley, R.A. (1997). ADHD and the nature of self-control. NY: The Guilford Press. Barkley, R.A. (2012). Executive functions: What they are, how they work, and why they evolved. NY: The Guilford Press. Tuckman, A. (2012). Understand Your Brain, Get More Done: The ADHD Executive Functions Workbook. Plantation, FL: Specialty Press. Tuckman, A. (2019). ADHD After Dark: Better Sex Life, Better Relationship. NY: Routledge.

This webinar offers 1 NYS ED Contact Hour

Most people with ADHD struggle with time management and doing the right things at the right times. To understand ADHD most fully (and to work most effectively with these clients and their partners and parents), clinicians need to understand how the fundamental impact of ADHD is on the abilities to see time and feel the future. This presentation will go beyond all the basic strategies and take a deeper look at the science of time awareness and motivation to act towards future goals. This will provide an important shift in your conceptualization of ADHD that will have useful ramifications in how you work with all of your clients (and even think of your own actions). The theory in the first half of the presentation will provide a foundation to understand why the strategies in the second half of the presentation work better. These strategies will help those with ADHD to see time more effectively by externalizing it and then feel time more effectively by building motivation to act towards the future.

Learning Objectives:
  1. Attendees will be able to explain why time is so central to understanding the struggles of ADHD.
  2. Attendees will be able to describe how time horizon and temporal discounting explain many of the time management problems associated with ADHD.
  3. Attendees will be able to help clients be more effective and consistent.
Agenda:
  1. Big concept #1: Time horizon
    1. Definition: the further out in time an event is, the less likely we are to attend to it now
    2. Some people are more influenced by time horizon—e.g., those with ADHD
    3. Different goals with different time lines compete for our attention and action in each moment
  2. The basics of time management
    1. Time management sub-abilities
    2. Time management serves the future, not the present
    3. Time management requires attention management
  3. Big concept #2: Temporal discounting
    1. Definition: the further out in time a deadline is, the less we feel the potential consequences now
    2. Those with ADHD are especially influenced by time horizon and temporal discounting and therefore tend to be overly influenced by the present, at the cost of creating a better future
    3. This tendency to favor the present over the future explains why those with ADHD struggle to perform consistently as expected
  4. See time by externalizing it
    1. Manage time better by first managing attention better
    2. Time management key concepts—the fundamentals of good strategies
    3. Help clients to use a schedule and to do list more effectively
  5. Feel the future by maximizing motivation
    1. The unofficial slogan of ADHD time management: By the time you feel it, it’s too late
    2. Five types of strategies to counterbalance the temptations of the present and thereby work towards a better future
    3. Help clients pause and picture to compensate for temporal discounting
Barkley, R.A. (1997). ADHD and the nature of self-control. NY: The Guilford Press. Barkley, R.A. (2012). Executive functions: What they are, how they work, and why they evolved. NY: The Guilford Press. Tuckman, A. (2012). Understand Your Brain, Get More Done: The ADHD Executive Functions Workbook. Plantation, FL: Specialty Press. Tuckman, A. (2019). ADHD After Dark: Better Sex Life, Better Relationship. NY: Routledge.

  • NEFESH International is recognized by the New York State Education Department’s State Board for Social Work as an Approved Provider of Continuing Education for Licensed Social Workers (#SW-0048), and by the NYSED’s State Board for Mental Health Practitioners as an Approved Provider of Continuing Education for Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists (#MFT-0046) and Licensed Mental Health Counselors (#MHC-0082).